Preventive programmes


Screening programmeBeginning of implementationTarget populationFrequency of screningScreening test
Cervical cancer2004women aged 25-59once every 3 yearsPap smear test
Mammography screening2005women aged 50-69
once every 2 yearsMammography
Colorectal cancer2009women, men aged 50-74once every 2 yearsFecal occult blood test (iFOBT)
Prostate cancer ​2006​men aged 45/ 50-69​periodically​Blood test
Cardiovascular disease ​2005women aged 50-64;
men aged 40-54
once every 1 year​Risk factors



Almost each programme has the national cancer screening coordinating or administrative committee, consisting of pathologists, specialised doctors, GP, epidemiologists, representatives from National Health Insurance Fund and the Ministry of Health. The primary task of these committees is to review the results and provide the advice to make necessary changes in the guidelines of screening programmes. Committees meet approximately twice a year and review the implementation of the programmes according to their performance indicators. 


Cancer Screening in the European Union (2017). Report on the implementation of the Council Recommendation on cancer screening.


Modified: 2020-08-05