Preventive programmes

Cancer Screening

According to the Council Recommendation of 2 December 2003 on cancer screening, Lithuania implements breast cancer, colon cancer and cervical cancer screening programmes.


Screening programmeBeginning of implementationTarget populationFrequency of screningScreening test
Cervical cancer2004women aged 25-60once every 3 yearsPap smear test
Mammography screening2005women aged 50-69once every 2 yearsMammography
Colorectal cancer2009women, men aged 50-74once every 2 yearsFecal occult blood test (iFOBT)


Other Preventive programmes financed from the budget of Compulsory Health Insurance are:

  • Prostate cancer early diagnostics programme

  • Cardiovascular disease prevention programme


Almost each programme has the national cancer screening coordinating or administrative committee, consisting of pathologists, specialised doctors, GP, epidemiologists, representatives from National Health Insurance Fund and the Ministry of Health. The primary task of these committees is to review the results and provide the advice to make necessary changes in the guidelines of screening programmes. Committees meet approximately twice a year and review the implementation of the programmes according to their performance indicators. 


Cancer Screening in the European Union (2017). Report on the implementation of the Council Recommendation on cancer screening.


Modified: 2018-05-23